31 मार्च 2017

"Let him who desires peace prepare for war."

Flavius Vegetius Renatus said, "Let him who desires peace prepare for war." 



most people are too focused on trying to obtain peace without first learning to how deal with war That is a major concept in The 33 Strategies. There is too much conflict avoidance in our culture. Some of this comes from a lot of political correctness that has filtered its way through society. Some of it comes from the importance of always appearing to be on the side of peace, cooperation, fairness to one and all. But life involves constant competition and conflict and how you deal with this will determine your fate in life. Being steeped in the art of war does not make you aggressive, at least not under the banner of Sun–tzu. Rather it makes you smarter, more prudent, better able to handle life’s inevitable struggles with intelligence. I want my book to ground the reader in certain basic principles, so when conflict comes, he or she can take the proper stance, like a swordsman.

Besides, I hate the way war is seen as something inherently brutal and ugly. Yes, much of war nowadays brings out the worst part of our nature. But in war, all kinds of noble human traits have been developed, such as discipline, cohesion, pride. All of life involves a kind of warfare, and a lot of Hindu texts spiritualize warfare into a struggle from within, to gain control over your own beastly nature. People with bumperstickers that say "War is not the answer" are such idiots. Tell that to those countries that found themselves invaded by the Nazis. As Heraclitus wrote, "War is the father of everything. Some it makes slaves, others masters."

Robert Greene 
https://www.sonshi.com/robert-greene-interviews.html

I make the point that most of us live in what I call tactical hell



I make the point that most of us live in what I call tactical hell. We are constantly reacting to what others give us, managing the battles that confront us day in and day out. We rarely get control. Our minds become dominated by tactical thinking. We can only focus on details. We argue and nitpick about this battle or that battle. It is hell.

Strategy is a kind of mental ladder you climb to get above these battles, gain some perspective and plot your moves. It is a mental purgatory. Grand strategy is simply this idea taken further—gaining a perspective that encompasses months or years. It is incredibly liberating and powerful when you have clear idea of where you want to be in five years, or can focus on what you see as your destiny in life. It helps you manage your daily decisions. "It is not important I fight this battle because it does not serve my overall goals." On and on.

Grand strategy is heaven, one we rarely reach, but must always aim for. It is the ultimate form of rationality. The word is misused nowadays, and I try to correct this in the chapter. I wish everyone would read it. And it is my modest homage to the spirit of Sun-tzu. 
Robert Greene
https://www.sonshi.com/robert-greene-interviews.html

Sun-tzu makes you focus on the circumstances, and how you can approach them from angles. What is indirect creates less resistance. Indirection is subtle, like the flowing of the unorthodox out of the orthodox and vice versa. It is what is least expected.

The ancient Chinese way of thinking is completely relational. Nothing is static. Things only have meaning in relation to one another. An event here will never mean the same if it happens there. This is opposed to the Western way of thinking (I am overgeneralizing), which tends to create dualisms and absolutes.

Sun-tzu sees everything in fluid terms. Nothing is absolute, except one simple premise around which everything else revolves: the art of war is winning with minimum bloodshed, and minimum violence. This has a Confucian, ethical element to it, but it is also pure strategy and very Chinese. Winning with violence creates a countercurrent that causes you more problems in the long run. War is inherently more dangerous than life itself (the violence of life), because it is more unpredictable, creates more chaos in its wake. The brake on this is your ability to minimize the chaos, the variables by lowering resistance in your path. Violence and overt aggression only increases resistance.

Sun–tzu is a true strategist, as opposed to the usual type we find who simply regurgitates some preconceived maxims, or the kind of mindless military jargon we see nowadays. He makes you focus on the circumstances, and how you can approach them from angles. What is indirect creates less resistance. Indirection is subtle, like the flowing of the unorthodox out of the orthodox and vice versa. It is what is least expected.

I love Sun-tzu’s brutal language (I am sure it is not given anything close to justice in modern English), and this universe he has created in the remarkably dense 13 chapters. It is like a Zodiac, or the 64 hexagrams of the I Ching. He has created the universal patterns for all conflict. Your mind must raise itself up to this higher stratosphere of strategic thought. From there, you will respond with intelligent action, with sound tactics. It is almost too banal to even express, but those running businesses or wars are rarely strategists, but rather tacticians who know how to disguise themselves. That abstract realm of thought that must preface all intelligent action is missing. If only everyone really read Sun–tzu, really pondered what he said, as opposed to digesting him because it seems cool or warlike.

He is the god of strategists, and all of the rest of us are mere demigods or mortals. (Musashi is one of the highest of the demigods, in my cosmology.) I reread The Art of War every few months, so that I keep his ideas constantly in my mind. 
Robert Greene in an interview.

Read more -https://www.sonshi.com/robert-greene-interviews.html

If I could simplify the whole game of power and strategy in one equation, it would all hinge on the capacity to see events around you exactly as they are.

" If I could simplify the whole game of power and strategy in one equation, it would all hinge on the capacity to see events around you exactly as they are" Robert greene




 The closer your mind is to reality, the better your strategies, your responses in life. But we humans have a strange psychological block. Our minds are constantly stopping on one thing, one idea, one experience or emotion. When that happens, we are looking at events through the tunnel of our own biases or negative experiences. We lose contact with reality. Anything living is in a constant state of flux. Nothing stays the same. And so our thoughts must constantly adapt to what is happening around us and never get stuck on this idea, or that way of doing things.

This obsessed me in The 48 Laws. At the end of each chapter I included a Reversal, which basically said that you must look at the Law I have just written from the opposite perspective. I also included laws that seem to contradict each other, because events in life are often at cross currents. I also included a chapter at the end about formlessness, saying essentially that you must ignore everything here I have written, and learn to think for yourself, based on your circumstances.


"गुरू शिष्य परंपरा आज भी भारत में जीवंत है "- गुरूदेव

गुरू शिष्य  परम्परा आध्यात्मिक प्रज्ञा का नई पीढ़ियों तक पहुंचाने का सोपान। भारतीय संस्कृति में गुरु-शिष्य परम्परा के अन्तर्गत गुरु (शिक्षक) अपने शिष्य को शिक्षा देता है या कोई विद्या सिखाता है। बाद में वही शिष्य गुरु के रूप में दूसरों को शिक्षा देता है। यही क्रम चलता जाता है। यह परम्परा सनातन धर्म की सभी धाराओं में मिलती है। गुरु-शिष्य की यह परम्परा ज्ञान  के किसी भी क्षेत्र में हो सकती है, जैसे- अध्यात्म, संगीत, कला, वेदाध्ययन, वास्तु आदि। भारतीय संस्कृति में गुरु का बहुत महत्व है। कहीं गुरु को 'ब्रह्मा-विष्णु-महेश' कहा गया है तो कहीं 'गोविन्द'।
'गु' शब्द का अर्थ है अंधकार (अज्ञान) और 'रु' शब्द का अर्थ है प्रकाश ज्ञान। अज्ञान को नष्ट करने वाला जो ब्रह्म रूप प्रकाश है, वह गुरु है। आश्रमों में गुरु-शिष्य परम्परा का निर्वाह होता रहा है। भारतीय संस्कृति में गुरु को अत्यधिक सम्मानित स्थान प्राप्त है। भारतीय इतिहास में गुरु की भूमिका समाज को सुधार की ओर ले जाने वाले मार्गदर्शक के रूप में होने के साथ क्रान्ति को दिशा दिखाने वाली भी रही है। भारतीय संस्कृति में गुरु का स्थान ईश्वर से भी ऊपर माना गया है.
“गुरुर ब्रह्मा गुरुर विष्णु गुरुर देवो महेश्वर:
गुरुर साक्षात् परम ब्रह्म तस्मै श्री गुरुवे नमः”
प्राचीन काल में गुरु और शिष्य के संबंधों का आधार था गुरु का ज्ञान, मौलिकता और नैतिक बल, उनका शिष्यों के प्रति स्नेह भाव, तथा ज्ञान बांटने का निःस्वार्थ भाव. शिष्य में होती थी, गुरु के प्रति पूर्ण श्रद्धा, गुरु की क्षमता में पूर्ण विश्वास तथा गुरु के प्रति पूर्ण समर्पण एवं आज्ञाकारिता. अनुशासन शिष्य का सबसे महत्वपूर्ण गुण माना गया है.
आचार्य चाणक्य ने एक आदर्श विद्यार्थी के गुण एस प्रकार बताये हैं-
“काकचेष्टा बकुल ध्यानं श्वान  निद्रा तथेव च
अल्पहारी गृहत्यागी विद्यार्थीनाम पंचलक्षणं”
गुरु और शिष्य के बीच केवल शाब्दिक ज्ञान का ही आदान प्रदान नहीं होता था बल्कि गुरु अपने शिष्य के संरक्षक के रूप में भी कार्य करता था। उसका उद्द्येश्य रहता था कि गुरु उसका कभी अहित सोच भी नहीं सकते. यही विश्वास गुरु के प्रति उसकी अगाध श्रद्धा और समर्पण का कारण रहा है।
गीता में भगवान श्रीकृष्ण जी ने गुरु-शिष्य परम्परा को ‘परम्पराप्राप्तम योग’ बताया है। गुरु-शिष्य परम्परा का आधार सांसारिक ज्ञान से शुरू होता है,परन्तु इसका चरमोत्कर्ष आध्यात्मिक शाश्वत आनंद की प्राप्ति है,जिसे ईश्वर -प्राप्ति व मोक्ष प्राप्ति भी कहा जाता है। बड़े भाग्य से प्राप्त मानव जीवन का यही अंतिम व सर्वोच्च लक्ष्य होना चाहिए। ”